National Housing Policy (NHP) In view of various problems faced in relation to housing in independent India, it became necessary for the government to come out with a comprehensive national policy that clearly spelt out priorities for promoting a sustained development of housing. The National Housing Policy emphasised in its preamble that housing isn’t only a commodity but also a productive investment.

FEW EXAMPLES

  • Model State Affordable Housing Policy (2015)
  • Draft National Urban Rental Housing Policy (2015)
  • THE RAJIV AWAS YOJANA PROJECT (RAY)
  • HOUSING FOR ALL 2022
  • Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Housing for All (Urban)

GOALS

(1) To motivate and help all people and in particular the houseless and the inadequately housed, to secure for themselves affordable shelter through access to land, materials, technology and finance.

(2) To improve the environment of human settlements with a view to boost the standard of life through the provision of drinking water, sanitation and other basic services.

(3) The policy envisages priority for promoting access to shelter for the houseless and disadvantaged groups such as Scheduled Castes.

CONCLUSION

Urbanisation and housing reveal a nation’s economic process and social wellbeing. India’s urban population is growing at a mean 2.1%

every year since 2015. It is likely to succeed in 60 crore by 2031 (up from 37.7 crore today). But the expansion in housing has been unable to stay pace. Currently, the housing shortage in India is on the brink of 1.9 crore units. The economically weaker sections (EWSs) and lower income groups (LIGs) account for 96% of the urban shortage.

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